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Objective: It was to evaluate the satisfaction and delay in obtaining blood products during obstetric emergencies at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital Center.
Methodology: This is a prospective study conducted from June 2017 to May 2018, including 252 pregnant women and women who had received a blood transfusion in a context of genital haemorrhage or anaemia. Our data were captured and processed with CSPRO and IBM SPSS 25 software.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 30 +/- 8 years old. The paucigales and pauciparas were the most transfused respectively in 63% and 48%, followed by primigest (32%) and nulliparous (32%). Seventy-four per cent (74%) of the patients were referred, 26% were self-referred. Indications for transfusion were dominated by haemorrhagic abortion (26.6%) and postpartum haemorrhage (20.6%), followed by retroplacental hematoma (13.9%), uterine rupture (12.3%). Hemorrhagic placenta previa (10.7%) ruptured GEU (10.3%), sickle cell disease (3.2%) and malaria (2.4%). Cutaneo-mucous pallor was observed in all patients. Asthenia was present in 41.30%, vertigo 34.10%, shock state 31%, oedema 2.38% and coma 1.60% of cases. The pre-transfusion haemoglobin level was achieved in 73% and post-transfusional in 96%. CNTS was the most popular blood supply centre at 81.3%, followed by CHU-SO in 6.3%.
Conclusion: Blood transfusion in obstetric emergencies is a maternal rescue act. But the absence of a blood bank at the maternity ward delays the care.
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